Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

Dipublikasikan tanggal 14 Nov 2019
Physics Girl is on Patreon! ►► www.patreon.com/physicsgirl
There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
physicsgirl.org/
twitter.com/thephysicsgirl
facebook.com/thephysicsgirl
instagram.com/thephysicsgirl
Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
Editor: Levi Butner
Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
Sources:
Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
web.archive.org/web/20120105085146/public.web.cern.ch/public/en/spotlight/SpotlightAandD-en.html
Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
Questions at CERN
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html
Creating Antihidrogen:
home.cern/science/physics/antimatter/storing-antihydrogen
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html

Komentar

  • Producing anti-matter - cannot even install flicker-free lamps.

  • eventually we will learn to make extraterrestrial tools .... this will be the key for manned UFO'S... and maybe time travel.

  • the reason you don't find antimatter on earth is for two reasons 1 it annihilate with matter, and 2 it is gravitationally repelled by matter

  • I can't get over that plant wobbling around every time she leans on that uneven table

  • I have a massive crush over physics girl :"""""S

  • www.reddit.com/r/blackmagicfuckery/comments/e5s3zs/can_someone_explain_how_this_happenes/ So the first person comes to my mind is you.

  • I'm envious...

  • Nothing really antimatter's to me....

  • Maybe there wasn’t meant to be more of it, curiosity is good and all and learning new stuff to advance us is great, but when something “can’t even touch the air” maybe it’s a big warning sign from nature telling us not to go there lol Awesome videos tho

  • Rappers are gonna be flexing with antimatter watches in 100 years.

  • scitechdaily.com/student-solves-physics-mystery-that-has-puzzled-scientists-for-100-years/amp/ Plz explain this in next video

  • Ive been making my own out of Chinese antisheetrock.

  • There must be some anti-matter at Fort Knox.

  • YOU ARE SO CUTE!!!

  • Watching this while playing the Antimatter dimensions game make me feel so smart omg

  • I had never seen a 'cute' side to the physics girl before. *checks* yap...still on the physics girl channel... I must've got transported to the anti-universe or something...

  • Oh wow, the cool part is that I already know about this................................ Thanks to the "Angels and Demons" by Dan Brown, I predicted a physics girl episode!!!!!! I legit feel so smart rn.

  • Honestly. all the fish to the destroy the moon? What about a grain of sand to blew up your house and all other houses in 1 mile vicinity?

  • Positive *Negative* Years *Days*

  • HAHAHAHHAHA..."or POOF!" Sounds like a friendly mafia boss, being very serious, but sounds friendly.

  • Can there be black holes consisting of antimatter? Do they differ?

  • if it combusts when it reacts to our matter, that kind of answers the question why it so rare.

    • why? it may seem to combust in our dimension but is actually sent to another dimension where our matter is rare.

    • There should have been equal amounts of it created when the universe was made though

  • Holy muppet bums!!! After seeing (10:29) Raquel Nuno for 1/3rd of a second, I've discovered that I'm completely in love with her. Can you please ask her to come to Australia so I can meet her?

  • *I LOVE YOU*

  • no silly.it wasn’t under maintenance... they just didn’t want anyone to see the inter-dimensional portals being opened .

  • So cool that you got to go into the a.d. facility. Super jealous.

  • i Have Some....

  • ❤️🧡💛💚💙💜🖤

  • It doesn't matter anyway.

  • Ok, either the anti-neutron is the most boring or the most interesting thing in this universe.

  • What if antimatter is actually the normal type and we are made of the weird matter.

  • What will happen to level of water when an ice cube floating on it melts.... 👇 . Ans👇: . . . . . . The level of water remains same.. .. .

  • 😂 Help keeps Physics Geniuses off them streets...Donate now!

  • For every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction. Big Bang = pure energy becoming matter. Both matter, and antimatter formed at once. Fourth dimensional "sides" had most _matter_ expand into our concept of _positive time,_ while most _antimatter_ expanded into _"negative time",_ thus preserving a _fourth dimensional balance._ Any residual antimatter, in our positive time universe, was soon annihilated, when contacting matter, leaving _only matter._ Same in the _negative time universe._ But, I'm more SciFi [sorry Mr. Ellison] enthusiast, than theorist. 😜

  • Because you guys like to read the comments may someone lead me to more answers about who and what we really are. Read the book FORBIDDEN RELIGION. It speaks on anti-matter existing inside us but theres a war on our consciousness so we are never made aware of this. That's why this stuff is so rare and costs so much. Every human beings potential is from this divine energy that literally is like Becoming a super Saiyan Destroyer God if you can tap into. In my Maui voice "Your welcome" Now leave comments below please

  • soooooo.....no one actually has some..........right??????

  • You just gave them terrorists some tips. Good luck 😂

  • Video idea: how far/fast do we move through the universe (earth orbiting the sun, sun orbiting the black hole in the centre, ect ect)

  • get Elon Musk involved and you'll probably be able to transport antimatter in a suitcase lol

  • we should be careful, anti-matter could possibly attract black holes.... ever wonder how a black hole exists in empty space?